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Chủ đề: Jesus d??i ci nhn c?a Do Thi gio v H?i gio

  1. #1
    kthao
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    Jesus d??i ci nhn c?a Do Thi gio v H?i gio

    Theo con s? th?ng k c?a "Time Almanach 2001" th Ki T Gio, t?c C? ??c Gio (Christianity) l tn gio c s? l??ng tn ?? l?n nh?t th? gi?i, chi?m 1/3 dn s? ton th? nhn lo?i.


    Dn s? th? gi?i hi?n nay l 5 t? 929 tri?u.

    S? l??ng tn ?? Ki T Gio (Christians) l: 1 t? 943 tri?u.

    M?c d?u g?n hai t? ng??i ? ??u t? nh?n l tn ?? Ki T (Christians) nh?ng h? thu?c v? nhi?u gio h?i khc nhau, v?i nh?ng tn ?i?u v nghi l? khc nhau. Ni chung, nh?ng ng??i theo Ki T Gio c th? ???c chia thnh 5 nhm tn gio sau ?y:

    1. Cng Gio La M: 1 t? 026 tri?u (tr?c thu?c Vatican)

    2. Cc gio phi Tin Lnh: 316 tri?u (trn 200 gio phi ch?ng ??i Vatican)

    3. Chnh Th?ng Gio: 213 tri?u (ph?n l?n ? ?ng u, Nga v B?c Phi)

    4. Anh Gio: 63 tri?u (nghi l? gi?ng Cng Gio nh?ng khng thu?c Vatican)

    5. Cc nhm Ki T Gio ??c l?p: 373 tri?u (Unaffiliated Christians)

    Qua g?n hai ngn n?m l?ch s?, Ki T Gio ? b? phn ha tr?m tr?ng v nh?ng cu?c thnh chi?n t??ng tn gi?a nh?ng ng??i anh em c cng ni?m tin vo Cha Ki T ? lm tiu hao nhi?u ch?c tri?u sinh linh. Nh?ng c m?t s? ki?n n?i b?t trong l?ch s? l: D cho nh?ng ng??i Ki T Gio ch?ng ??i nhau, th?m ch gi?t nhau nh? cu?c xung ??t Cng Gio Tin Lnh ? i Nh? Lan ho?c xung ??t gi?a Chnh Th?ng Gio v Cng Gio ? Nam T?, nh?ng h? v?n c chung m?t ni?m tin: Jesus l Cha C?u Th? (Messiah/Christ).

    Qua l?ng knh tm linh c?a cc tn ?? Ki T Gio, Jesus l ??ng Messiah v?i nh?ng thu?c tnh sau ?y:

    1. Ngi l Thin Cha ha thn thnh ng??i (God in human form).

    2. Ngi ch?t ?? chu?c t?i t? tng c?a loi ng??i

    3. Ngi s?ng l?i ln tr?i v s? xu?ng th? gian l?n th? hai vo ngy t?n th? ?? xt x? m?i ng??i s?ng v ch?t (m?i ng??i ch?t s? s?ng l?i ?? ???c xt x?)

    Nh? chng ta ? bi?t, Do Thi v H?i Gio c?ng l nh?ng ??o th? Thin Cha nh?ng c? hai ??u ph? nh?n Jesus l Messiah v?i nh?ng thu?c tnh ni trn.

    Hai tn gio Do Thi v H?i ? ??a ra nh?ng lu?n c? no ?? bc b? t? cch Messiah (Kit) c?a Jesus? ? l n?i dung chnh y?u c?a bi vi?t ny.

    I. QUAN ?I?M C?A DO THI GIO V? JESUS

    Jesus l m?t ng??i c th?t, b?ng x??ng b?ng th?t, ? ???c sinh ra ? Do Thi cch ?y g?n 2000 n?m.

    Nh?ng ni?m v? Messiah (Cha C?u Th?/ Cha Ki T) l m?t s?n ph?m ??c bi?t trong t? duy c?a dn t?c Do Thi. ?? tm m?t ??nh ngh?a xc th?c nh?t v? Messiah, thi?t t??ng khng c g ?ng tin c?y h?n l T? ?i?n Bch Khoa v? ??o Do Thi (The Shengold Jewish Encyclopedia).

    Ni?m tin vo ??ng Messiah (Messianism) ???c ??nh ngh?a nh? sau: "Ni?m tin vo ??ng Messiah l ni?m tin r?ng: dn t?c Do Thi v ton th? nhn lo?i ???c d?n ??n m?t th?i ??i hong kim, trong ? n?n cng l ton h?o v n?n ha bnh th? gi?i ???c th?c hi?n b?i ??ng Messiah. Ngi l v? vua l t??ng v l m?t ng??i ton h?o. Danh t? "Messiah" c ngh?a l "Ng??i ???c x?c d?u", ?y l m?t ph??ng cch c? x?a ?? tn vinh m?t ng??i ???c trao tr?ng trch ??c bi?t. Danh t? "Messiah Adonai" c ngh?a l "Ng??i ???c Thin Cha x?c d?u". ?y l m?t danh hi?u do C?u ??c dng ?? g?i cc v? vua c?a Israel. Cc v? tin tri trong kinh Thnh m t? Messiah l m?t ng??i ???c Thin Cha ch? ??nh, m?t v? lnh ??o l t??ng ?? ??a ton th? gi?i ??n n?n cng chnh v ha bnh. Qua nhi?u th? k? l?u l?c, dn t?c Do Thi v?n ti?p t?c ??c m? v? s? xu?t hi?n c?a ??ng Messiah".

    (Messianism: The belief that the Jewish people and all humanity would be led to a Golden Age of perfect justice and universal peace by a Messiah, an ideal king and a perfect man. The Hebrew Messiah means "one anointed man with oil", the ancient way of dedicating a man to a special service. Messiah Donai - The Anointed of God - was a title of honor given in the Bible to the Kings of Israel. The prophets described the Messiah as a divinely appointed man, an ideal ruler who would lead the world in righteousness and in peace.

    During the long centuries of exile, the Jewish people continued to dream of the Messiah).

    Qua ??nh ngh?a "Messiah" ni trn c?a ng??i Do Thi, ta th?y s? m?ng c?a "Cha C?u Th?" chnh danh ph?i l ng??i th?c hi?n ???c n?n ha bnh th?c s? v n?n cng chnh ton h?o trn kh?p th? gi?i. Xt theo tiu chu?n ny, m?i ng??i ??u s? nh?n r r?ng: Jesus ch? l m?t k? v d?ng v y ch?a t?ng bao gi? gp ???c m?t cht cng lao no cho n?n cng chnh v ha bnh c?a nhn lo?i.

    Trong Kinh Thnh C?u ??c c nhi?u ?i?u tin tri v? Messiah. Nh?ng Jesus ch?a t?ng bao gi? th?c hi?n ???c m?t ?i?u no ?? ch?ng t? ng ta l Messiah c?. Th d?:

    - Tin tri Isaiah (th? k? 8 TCN) ??nh ngh?a Messiah l ??ng "gi?i thot m?i ng??i b? p b?c" (To let the oppressed go free - Isaiah 6: 9 v 6: 1-2). Th? h?i Jesus ? gi?i thot ???c m?t ng??i no b? p b?c trn th? gian ny?

    - Isaiah c?ng ni: ??ng Messiah s? gom gp ton dn Do Thi tr? v? ??t Israel (Gather all Jews back to the land of Israel - Isaiah 43: 5-6). L?ch s? Do Thi ? ch?ng minh ng??c l?i: Jesus ch?t kho?ng n?m 30. ??n n?m 70 th Israel b? qun La M ?nh chi?m v tiu di?t ng??i Do Thi v s? k?. ??n n?i ng??i Do Thi s? bi di?t ch?ng nn ? b? x? lnh n?n kh?p n?i trn th? gi?i. G?n 19 th? k? sau (1949) th Lin Hi?p Qu?c (khng ph?i Jesus) ? gom dn Do Thi v? Israel!

    - Tin tri Zechariah ni: ??ng Messiah l vua cai tr? ton th? gi?i (King over all the world - Zech. 14: 19) ?i?u ny th trong 2000 n?m qua v cho ??n mun ki?p v? sau ch?ng bao gi? Jesus c th? th?c hi?n ???c!

    - Tin tri Isaiah xc ??nh: Messiah ph?i l ng??i thu?c dng vua David theo ph? h? (Messiah must be decended on his father's side from King David.

    - Isaiah 11: 1) Jesus c m? ??ng trinh nn khng c cha, v?y y lm sao thu?c dng David theo ph? h? ???c? Do ?, Jesus khng c t? cch Messiah.

    - Ng??i Do Thi hon ton bc b? tnh cch Thin Cha c?a Jesus v C?u ??c d?y "Thin Cha ch? c M?t" (The Lord is One - Dent 6: 4) v "Thin Cha l v?nh c?u, v??t th?i gian. Ngi l v cng, v??t khng gian. Ngi khng th? ???c sinh ra v khng th? ch?t" (God is eternal above time. He is infinite above space. He cannot be born and cannot die - Numbers 23: 19). Jesus ? ???c sinh ra b?i b Maria v ? ch?t d ch? ch?t 3 ngy 3 ?m) nn Jesus khng th? l Thin Cha v Thin Cha khng ch?t d ch? trong giy pht.

    Ng??i Do Thi v?n ch? ??i s? xu?t hi?n c?a ??ng Messiah. ?i?u ? c ngh?a l ??ng Messiah ch?a t?ng bao gi? xu?t hi?n trn th? gian ny. ??i v?i h?, Jesus khng h? th?c hi?n ???c m?t ?i?u no C?u ??c ? tin tri v? Messiah nn Jesus khng bao gi? ???c dn t?c Do Thi cng nh?n. Ng??i Do Thi c?ng ph? nh?n s? ti lm c?a Jesus v th?n h?c c?a ??o Do Thi kh?ng ??nh Messiah ch? ??n m?t l?n v khng bao gi? tr? l?i. (No second coming of Messiah).

    Dn t?c Do Thi r?t kin tr trong ni?m tin tn gio v h? tin t??ng r?ng ??o Do Thi l ??o duy nh?t do Thin Cha m?c kh?i cho c? qu?c gia (a national revelation). Truy?n thuy?t v? Messiah l s?n ph?m tm linh c?a c? dn t?c Do Thi. H? khng ng? truy?n thuy?t ny ? tr? thnh chi?c boomerang quay ng??c l?i tiu di?t dn t?c mnh. Trong g?n hai ngn n?m qua, h? lun lun ph? nh?n t? cch Messiah c?a Jesus. H?u qu? th?m kh?c l nhi?u tri?u ng??i Do Thi ? b? gi?t nh?ng v?n ch?a ?? ??n m?ng c?a m?t ng??i Do Thi ???c ng??i ta tn vinh l ??ng Messiah!

  2. #2
    kthao
    Guest
    II. QUAN ?I?M C?A H?I GIO V? JESUS

    Khi nghin c?u v? H?i Gio, chng ta s? ng?c nhin nh?n th?y ng??i H?i Gio - nh?t l H?i Gio ? R?p - r?t quan tm v vi?t kh nhi?u v? Jesus.

    Ti?n s? Tarif Khalidi, gio s? mn ngn ng? h?c ? R?p t?i ??i H?c Cambridge, ? thu th?p ???c 303 cu chuy?n (stories) qua hng tr?m cu?n sch b?ng ti?ng ? R?p vi?t v? Jesus.

    ng ?c k?t l?i thnh sch "The Muslim Jesus". Nguyn b?n b?ng ti?ng ? R?p. B?n d?ch Anh ng? 246 trang do Havard University Press xu?t b?n 2001. T?a ?? c?a cu?n sch ng? Jesus khng ph?i l ng??i Do Thi, c?ng khng ph?i l gio ch? ??o Ki T m l m?t tn ?? H?i Gio. C?ng t??ng t? nh? Jesus, Abraham v Moises ??u ???c ng??i H?i Gio coi l nh?ng ng??i ??ng ??o c?a h?. Muhammad kh?ng ??nh: "Abraham khng ph?i l Do Thi hay Ki T. Abraham, Moises v Jesus ??u l nh?ng tn ?? H?i Gio. (Abraham was not a Jew nor yet a Christian. Abraham, Moises and Jesus are Muslims - Koran 3: 67).

    Ng??i H?i Gio cho r?ng: cc tn ?? Ki T ? hi?u sai v? Jesus v ch? c ng??i H?i Gio m?i c ci nhn ?ch th?c v? m?t "Jesus Th?t" (The Real Jesus).

    T?t c? nh?ng quan ni?m c?a ng??i H?i Gio v? Jesus ??u ???c Muhammad truy?n d?y trong kinh Koran qua nh?ng cu th? r?i rc trong 15 ch??ng sch. Chng ta c?ng bi?t r?ng kinh Koran l Kinh Thnh c?a H?i Gio (The Holy Bible of Islam). ??i v?i cc tn ?? H?i Gio, Jesus th?t l Jesus ???c m t? trong kinh Koran (Quranic Jesus). ? chnh l Jesus trong ??c tin H?i Gio:

    - Kinh Koran ca ng?i Jesus l tin tri c?a Thin Cha (a prophet of God) l s? gi? c?a Cha (a messenger of God) l ti?ng ni v tinh th?n c?a Thin Cha Allah (the Word and the Spirit of Allah) (Koran 3: 45).

    - Kinh Koran ca ng?i Jesus c ti tranh bi?n v ???c Thin Cha ban s?c m?nh tinh th?n thnh thi?n (God gave Jesus clear arguments and strenghten him with the holy spirit - Koran 2: 87). Thin Cha d?y d? Jesus s? khn ngoan v s? hi?u bi?t v? kinh Thnh C?u ??c, Tn ??c (Allah taught him the wisdom, and the Tawrah, the Injil - Koran 3: 48) Jesus c kh? n?ng ch?a lnh nh?ng k? m ho?c nh?ng k? ci h?i v khi?n cho k? ch?t s?ng l?i v?i s? cho php c?a Thin Cha Allah (Jesus heals the blind and the leprous and bring the death to life with Allah's permission - Koran 3: 49)

    - H?i Gio cng nh?n Jesus ???c sinh ra b?i b Maria ??ng trinh (And She who guarded her chastity - Koran 21: 91). Koran nh?c l?i l?i c?a b I-sa-ve (m? c?a Gioan) chc m?ng b Maria: "Thin Cha Allah ? ch?n b trn h?t m?i ng??i n? ? th? gian ny" (Allah has chosen you above the women of the world! - Koran 3: 42).

    - H?i Gio tin r?ng Jesus s? tr? l?i th? gian vo ngy phn xt cu?i cng nh?ng ch? v?i t? cch nhn ch?ng m thi. V? th?m phn t?i cao xt x? m?i ng??i l Thin Cha Allah. (On the day of Resurrection Jesus shall be a witness - Koran 4: 159).

    - H?i Gio khng ni Jesus ? t? k? ch?t s?ng l?i, nh?ng tin r?ng Thin Cha Allah ? ??a Jesus v? tr?i. (Allah took him up to Himself - Koran 4: 158)

    M?c d?u H?i gio tn vinh Jesus nh? trn nh?ng h? hon ton ph? nh?n t? cch Thin Cha ho?c Con Thin Cha c?a Jesus. Koran kh?ng ??nh: "Th?t l nh?c m? Thin Cha ??i v?i nh?ng k? ni Jesus, con c?a Maria, l Thin Cha. Jesus khng l g khc h?n l ti t? c?a Thin Cha m thi" (They do blaspheme who say God is Jesus, son of Maria. He was no more than a servant of God - Koran 5: 72-75).

    Jesus khng ph?i l m?t sinh v?t linh thing m ch? l m?t ng??i th??ng nh? chng ta. Tr??c m?t Thin Cha Jesus c?ng gi?ng nh? Adam, t?t c? ??u ???c Thin Cha d?ng ln b?ng tro b?i. (Surely, the likeness of Jesus is with Allah as the likeness of Adam. He created him from dust - Koran 3: 59). S? d? Jesus ???c coi l m?t ng??i ??c bi?t v ng ta ???c Thin Cha Allah ban cho ??c n v ngi bi?n ng ta thnh m?t g??ng sng cho con chu c?a dn t?c Do Thi. (Jesus, son of Mary, was naught but a servant on whom God bestowed favor and made him an example for the children of Israel - Koran 43: 59).

    - H?i Gio k?ch li?t ch?ng l?i Thuy?t Thin Cha Ba Ngi. Kinh Koran lun lun nh?c ?i nh?c l?i ?i?u quan tr?ng nh?t c?a ??o H?i l: Thin Cha ch? c M?t. Ngi khng sinh con v khng do ai sinh ra. Khng c m?t ng??i no gi?ng Thin Cha c?. (Say not three Deists, Allah is One. Koran 4: 117, Say, He, Allah is One. He begets not, nor is He begotten and none is like Him. Koran 112: 1-4)

    Thin Cha khng bao gi? tha th? cho b?t c? ai ??ng ha v?i Ngi - B?t c? ai gn ghp m?t ci g ? vo Thin Cha ??u ph?m t?i tr?ng. (Surely, Allah does not forgive that anything should be associated with him - Whoever associated anything with Allah he devises indeed a great sin - Koran 4: 48)

    - H?i Gio ph? nh?n vi?c Jesus b? ?ng ?inh trn th?p gi (They - the Jews - killed him not nor cruxified him - Koran 3: 59) ??ng th?i ph? nh?n "t?i t? tng" c?a Adam v Eva, m?c d?u H?i Gio c?ng tin hai v? ny l t? tin c?a loi ng??i. Ni cch khc, H?i Gio hon ton ph? nh?n l?p lu?n c?a ??o Ki T cho r?ng ? ch?u ch?t trn th?p gi chu?c t?i t? tng ?? c?u loi ng??i.

    ??c kinh Koran, m?i ng??i s? nh?n th?y thi ?? r?t r r?t c?a H?i Gio ??i v?i Ki T Gio:

    M?t m?t, ng??i H?i Gio r?t tn knh Jesus. M?t khc ng??i H?i Gio t? thi ?? th ngh?ch ??i v?i cc tn ?? Ki T Gio v ng??i Ki T vi ph?m nh?ng ?i?u c?m k? h?t s?c nghim ng?t c?a ??o H?i l tuy?t ??i c?m th? b?t c? m?t ai ngoi Thin Cha Allah v c?m th? ?nh t??ng. Muhammad qui trch nhi?m cho nh?ng ng??i Do Thi l?p ??o Ki T ? ng?y t?o L?i Cha v vi?t thm nh?ng ?i?u b?y b? vo Thnh Kinh lm cho Ki T Gio tr? thnh m?t t ??o. Muhammad vi?t:

    - "Nh?ng ng??i Do Thi (l?p ??o Ki T) l nh?ng k? ? thay ??i L?i Cha ho?c xuyn t?c L?i Cha b?ng mi?ng l??i c?a h? v nh?o bng ??o c?a Cha" (of those who are Jews there are those who alter the words of God... distorting the words with their tongues and taunting about religion - Koran 4: 46).

    - "Th?t l m?t th?m h?a cho nh?ng k? vi?t Thnh Kinh b?ng bn tay c?a h? r?i ni r?ng sch ? do Thin Cha ban cho" (Woe, then, to those who write the Book with their hands and then say: This is from Allah - Koran 2: 79).

    Muhammad ca ng?i Jesus l ng??i h?t lng tn th? Thin Cha Allah - kinh Koran c thu?t l?i l?i c?u nguy?n c?a Jesus nh? sau:

    "Vinh danh Cha Allah. Cha bi?t nh?ng g con ngh? trong ??u nh?ng con khng bi?t ?i?u g trong Cha. Ch? c cha l ??ng Thng Bi?t m?i s?".

    (Glory to Allah. Thou knowest what is in my mind and I do not know what is in Thy mind. Surely Thou art the great knower of the unseen things - Koran 5:117)

    ??i v?i ??o H?i, Jesus ???c coi l m?t ng??i cng chnh gi?ng nh? tin tri Elisha c?a ??o Do Thi. Kinh Koran vi?t: "Jesus v Elisha ??u chung m?t hng c?a nh?ng ng??i Cng Chnh".

    (Jesus and Elisha were all in the rank of the Righteous. Koran 6: 85)

    Nh?ng cc tn ?? Ki T Gio l?i b? ng??i H?i Gio coi l "nh?ng k? khng tin Cha" (The disbelievers) v h? s? ph?i ch?u hnh ph?t sau ?y do ng??i H?i Gio dnh cho h?:

    "Chng ta s? gieo kinh hong n?i tri tim c?a nh?ng k? khng tin ??o. Cho nn, hy ch?t ??u chng v b?t h?t cc ??u ngn tay c?a chng!" (We will cast terror into the hearts of those who disbelieve. Therefore strike off their heads and strike off every fingertips of them - Koran 8: 12).

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